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research driving simulators


There are numerous universities in the world that have a research group in Human Factors or traffic behaviour studies. A lot of these would benefit a lot if they would have a research driving simulator. This is a tool that enables researchers to perform measurements on human car driving behaviour in a controlled environment. The minimum hardware and software of a research driving simulator is:

  • fast computer with a GPU that has outputs for 3 monitors: one for the left, middle and right out-of-the-window views
  • a GPU with sufficient on-board memory and bandwidth so complex visual scenes can be rendered over a large horizontal field of view
  • pedals, buttons, shifter and steering wheel with a rotation of 900 degrees and sufficient force feedback
  • real time simulation software that renders traffic scenes
  • software for scenario generation and experiment generation
  • software for building and modifying virtual environments
  • software for data inspection and analysis.

The advantages of a driving simulator over experiments in the real world with instrumented vehicles are:

  • instrumented vehicles are extremely expensive and inflexible
  • in a simulator you have complete control over the environment, lighting and traffic situations
  • the number of variables that can be measured in a simulator are many more, compared to what can be measured in the real world
  • identical circumstances for all subjects in a simulator
  • safe environment to do your research.

Because you can control your environment and circumstances in a driving simulator, unexplained variance is lower in a simulator. Since the statistical power of tests is determined by the ratio of explained and unexplained variance (or statistical noise) , you need fewer subjects and can do more reliable measurements in a simulator. Also, experiments on the road that are potential dangerous for the subjects can be done safely in a simulator. That’s why studies on the effects of alcohol and drugs on driving behaviour or the effects of medication, prolonged driving, fatigue, or tests with people with neurological conditions can be done much safer in a simulator.

Type of Driving Simulator

Type of Driving Simulator

The driving simulator was originally applied for entertainment (games) as well as training of driver education programs taught in private educational and business institutions. They are also used for analysis objectives in the areas of personal factors and medical analysis, to monitor driver habits, performance, and concentration and in the car industry to design and evaluate new vehicles. If you want to know how good you in driving, you can use a driving simulator. Visit our website and get further information.

The need for driving training tool today is undeniable given the highway conditions and automotive technology are often not in line. The idea of making a virtual driving trainer actually has been around for a long time. Around the 1950s, a technician from the United States named Conkling Chedister simulator nicknamed Aetna Roadometer. The basic shape is not much different from the current simulator. The difference is only when it is heavier and less interactive. So the user just sits and is confronted on a screen showing the video of the state of the highway. In the process, their driving reaction must adjust the obstacle according to the scenario in the show

The driving simulator was originally used to train a person to be able to drive a car around the world, in its development, the Driving Simulator employed various driving training needs in critical driving conditions, behavioral driving analysis, driver responses and car user performance. In some countries, driving simulators are used for the test of obtaining a Driver’s License. Research has shown that driving simulators are proving excellent as practical and effective educational tools to provide safe driving technique training for all drivers. There are different types of driving simulators that are in use such as rail simulators, bus simulators, car simulators, truck simulators, etc.

Type of driving simulator, among others:

– Modular design simulator:
This type can be configured for use as dump trucks, tractor, and other construction transports, airports operated vehicles, emergency response and police vehicles chase, buses, subway trains, passenger vehicles and heavy equipment such as cranes.

– Multi-driving simulator station:
This type of simulator allows one to train more driver instructors in a limited time. The system is equipped with an instructor station that allows centralized control of all the driving stations. The advantage of this type of system is that a coach can guide several students driving at the same time thus saving time and reducing costs.

In this simulator, the user is like driving his original vehicle. For example, a four-wheeled vehicle simulator. There are the steering wheel, gas pedal, brake, clutch, and also gear and speedometer. Therefore the police use this technology because it is more than enough to know how can someone use the vehicle.

Simulate How To Drive Truck

Simulate How To Drive Truck

Driving simulators are used for all kinds of vehicles. Most are used for regular driver training in a pasenger car, but training simulators are also available for truck driving, train driving, driving armoured vehicles, and special purpose vehicles such as ambulances, police cars and fire engines. There are big differences between those. For ambulance, police and fire trucks, special manoeuvers are trained. In general, training in an ambulance, or similarly a police car or fire engine, it is very dificult to train drivers on public roads while carrying light and sound signals. It is also considered dangerous to drive such a vehicle at high speed in a town just to practice these skills. So, because a simulator offers much more opportunities to practice driving at high speed and to use the light and sound signals properly, it has a big advantage over practicing these skills on public roads.

Simulators for truck driving are exclusively used for professional driver training: the truck drivers are very skilled professional drivers. Also, a truck is more expensive than a passenger car, so drivers  are more willing to pay a higher price per hour. This makes these machines much more cost effective. A disadvantage however is that these drivers are very well practiced already and miss the sensation of motions in lower cost driving simulators. So this group demands more realistic sensations that can only be obtained by using a motion platform, where the physical sensation of accelerations is simulated. This makes these truck driving simulators much more expensive because the cost of hardware is much higher. Another disadvantage of this particular group of customers is that they tend to be more susceptible to simulator sickness. As drivers are more experienced they are more prone to get cybersickness because they have learned the associations between visual and motion cues. Motion cues are absent in fixed-base simulators and they are available in motion based simulators. However, the motion cues are very difficult to simulate so they are still more susceptible to simulator sickness.

Driver training simulators for learning to drive in a passenger car offer the biggest opportunities to improve driving skills in learner drivers. Also, the targte grouo usually consists of youg and inexperienced drivers that have a very low risk of simulator sickness. On the other hand, learner passenger cars are relatively cheap,. so the cost benefits of these type of simulators are smaller.

Driving Simulators Help You Learn to Drive

Driving Simulators Help You Learn to Drive

Currently, there are many developers that make driving simulator and apparently, this attracts many people. How not, this game gives the experience as if you are doing the same thing in the real world. Of course, this kind of game genre is very useful and much recommended because it is loaded with science in certain areas. A car driving simulator can add insight to you on how to drive a four-wheeled vehicle if you have never done it before. In addition, for those who are already adept at driving a car, you can play this game as a fun free-time killer.

In the driving simulator, you will be invited to pass a number of tests in order to get a driver’s license like a real-world exam. Various tasks will be given, such as parking the car well in accordance with the time given, carrying vehicles with a certain speed limit, preceding other vehicles and so on.

How is the Right Way to Hold Steer?

How is the Right Way to Hold Steer?

In driving a car, of course, the role of the steering wheel is very important in directing the vehicle to the desired destination. Steering is learner and practiced extensively in the car driving simulator. Basically, there are two techniques:

  • the pass-through method. Put your hand on the wheel at the quarter to three position. Push up with the left hand from the middle left to the top of the steering wheel and then pull the wheel down with the righ hand. This is the preferred method for regular steering.
  • the cross over method: this method is used when you have to steer very fast at low speed. It works as follows. steer with your left hand from the middle left of the steering wheel to he middle right, and then cross over with the right handand steer it from the middle left to the middle right position.

These techniques have to be automated during the course of driving instruction. In order to have sufficient practice in a short period of time, the first method must be trained on a circuit where there are a lot of bends in the road. In that case, you can practice a large amount of steering aactions in a lesson of an hour. To automate the steering skill, the should be no other distractions of traffic, so the learner driver can focus on just this one skill.

The second method needs to be practiced on a circuit with a lot of 90 degrees turns where the learner driver has to turn left of right at an intersection or drive to sharp bends. Also, preferably with any other traffic or diversions. Steering is the basis for all driving, and if the learner driver can do this automatically without having to give this task any active attention, the basis if formed to learn all the other tasks of driving.




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